They have to walk much longer distances searching for water and other subsistence supplies. No time for schooling.
I write some data to continue the discussion on Climate Change and Gender:FAO Report (2006) entitled ‘Energy and Gender’ says women are the most marginalized in the decision making process in relation to environmental issues.
The Human Development Report of UNDP (2007-2008) inform that changes produced by Climate change originate additional burdens on women in farming, fishing, the task of providing water and fuel for the family. These tasks are even more difficult the lower the access to drinking water.
4th Forum on Equality between men and women (UNESCO, 2008), dedicated to Gender Dimensions of Climate Change which states that, although climate change is a problem that affects the entire world’s population believes that women are in especially vulnerable to its consequences and also have the most influence on the behavioral changes due to their role as educators to contribute to mitigation.
4th Summit on Climate Change (Copenhagen, 2009). IUCN has proposed about investing in women’s leadership for climate solutions.
17th Summit on Climate Change (COP17, 2010), is not about gender.
Rio +20 (2012) that in his statement has a specific section on climate change, but it is not gender-sensitive.
This issue is not new in international environmental policies but, it has some influence in education? Do you know any education program in environment and gender?
All Answers (19) Show full discussion
The various answers put forth by other above all illustrate that vulnerability (to climate stress or anything else) is socially mediated, meaning that power in social organization influences who feels the pinch most. Consequently, negative affects of coping and adaptation to climate stress (like most other stresses) is unevenly distributed with women and girls often bearing the brunt of it. This is documented elsewhere, but I would add a recent publication of mine for Oxfam which documents the gendered dynamics of vulnerability. http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/role-local-institutions-adaptive-processes-climate-variability-ethiopia-maliI also have co-authored an article on the gendered aspects of the interesection of vulnerability to climate and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania. The article is still in press, but has been released early online. If you don’t have access to it, please feel free to contact me for a copy. http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WCAS-D-12-00052.15 days ago
So fa r as the relationship between change and the decreasing of schooling of girl students in africa is concerned it is pertinent to mention that as africa continet is the most hottest continet and it is essential for girls to fetch drinking dr. Sachindra mohan sahu-as well as house hold water from long distances so as to cater the needs of water in their family. For this reason they bound to drop out the schooling and cater the needs.5 days ago
Thanks Todd for your articles. I can´t download the pdf of Tanzania article. I have read the Oxfam article. It´s very interesting, especially the recommendations. You wrote about the need Increasing women’s access to educational, political, and financial opportunities, this will help reduce their vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change. But I would like to know if you have researched any education program about that. In my opinion this good intentions are include in the international policy about climate change, but in reality there isn´t so much programs about that.1 / 0 · 5 days ago
Increasing women’s access to educational, political and financial opportunities will reduce their vulnerability categorically, to climate and many other things. However, I have not done any research directed at specific educational programs to this end (it is beyond my domain of expertise), though I should think that there are some analyses of NGO capacity building efforts in academic and/or grey literature.In general, this perspective proposes that adaptation is not just about using climate models for policy and planning, but it is also about enhancing and enabling greater adaptive capacity at the level of day to day livelihood practice. This deliberately (and I think appropriately) blurs the lines between climate adaptation and socio-economic development more broadly. For many social scientists, this is intuitive, but I’ve seen quite some resistance to it among biophysical scientists involved in international policy discussions on climate adaptation.5 days ago
I guess first of all there is a simple relationship between education and environmental friendly behavior. If you don´t know how to act you can´t act. So education has an empowerment manner. Secondly a better education mostly generates a higher income and low income often lead to environmental unfriendly behavior. Especially in the global south -except the local elites- and in opposite to the industrialized society where higher income generates a higher consume of nature goods. But these are only the level of personality acting and mostly household-near acting. So you would follow a feminization of environmental responsibility. If you follow the common approach of a special vulnerability, your get a victimizing of women and bringing the vulnerability of children into account too, you infantilising women.
However I don´t believe that the personality behavior is enough. I assume that the non-personality acting like institutional acting of governments, companies, etc. has a quit higher impact on the climate change. That means not to leave the gender sensitive view, because institutional behaviors follow as well a specific way of masculinity – and feminity too.
So I would conclude: The question is asked from a deficit point of view: less education of girls. So long as you not taking into account the effectual imagination of being a “real” men or a “real” women you do sex studies and not gender studies.
I dare the hypothesis: Teaching men caring fatherhood and giving girls possibilities beyond motherhood and care work, is the best you can do for the environmental and against the climate change.4 days ago
There are some initiatives around the globe, especially on poorest areas under dry conditions. I will try to remember websites with those information or pick them up from my records later.
But I agree with you that this punctual or “seasonal” actions and programs has a lack of connection among them, so they are not so effective in promote a real change in a large scale.4 days ago
I believe that we should not abuse the climate change point to take away his senses. If we get a direct link between climate change and the education of girls, you will have to first answer the link between poverty, fertility, corruption, and climate1 / 0 · 23 hours ago
This connection is farfetched to say the least. It would mean that if climate change would stop the situation of women should automatically improve? Hardly. Its a matter of resilience and adaption. The better you are prepared the less ANY change will affect you. It all boils down to education and eliminating poverty. In an equal society, climate change would have the same effect on all. Except from modelling there really are no observations supporting an increase in draughts, flooding, desert increse, rain etc. These phenomen seem to vary with the oscillations in the Atlantic and Indian oceans and are natural. It cannot be ruled out that there may be increased frequencies of the extremes in the future, but today it is not possible to make such a connection. Adressing “climate change” can be a cover-up when politicians doesn´t want to adress real issues with no uncertainties whatsoever.22 hours ago · Flag
-ILRI vacancy: Post-Doctoral Fellow – Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (closing date 21 August 2013)
–Vacancy number: PD/MGHG/07/2013
–Livestock Systems and the Environment
–Location: Nairobi, Kenya (CGIAR, International Livestock Research Institute: www.ilri.org)
–Duration: 2 years with the possibility of renewal
–Base salary dependent on skills and experience – from USD 35,000 per annum with an attractive international benefits package (tax free*).
–The Position: ILRI seeks to recruit a post-doctoral fellow to strengthen the greenhouse gas mitigation team at Livestock Systems and the Environment (LSE), due to increasing demand from CRP 7 to measure emissions of greenhouse gas emissions from livestock in smallholder systems.
• Conduct agronomic, livestock productivity and GreenHouse Gas (GHG) measurements for different land use systems in Sub-Saharan Africa to allow the quantification of system specific GHG fluxes from different cropping and livestock systems to develop mitigation options;
• Manage and maintain laboratory and field facilities, including training and supervision of staff in state of the art methods of GHG measurements.
• Conduct laboratory scale, mesocosm paramaterisation experiments to allow direct comparison of GHG emission potentials from manures and soils for different environmental conditions;
• Write scientific papers and prepare conference/workshop presentations describing results and their implications for productivity, GHG and nutrient management; and contribute to other communication products (research briefs, policy briefs etc);
• Develop innovative concepts and ideas for further research to address spatial and temporal variability of fluxes, and upscaling of mitigation options.
–Essential Skills and Qualifications will include:
• PhD in nutrient cycling in Agroecosystems, Agronomy, Geoecology, Environmental Sciences or related fields, gained in the past 4 years;
• Considerable practical knowledge of techniques (e.g. micrometeorological techniques: gradient and EC approaches) and experience with equipment (gas-chromatography, laser based spectroscopic techniques) used in the measurement of greenhouse gas emissions from terrestrial ecosystems;
• Up to date knowledge of chemical analysis of environmental samples;
• Ability to effectively manage, visualize and analyze large datasets;
• Evidence of good communication skills, including the ability to publish the results of scientific research in peer-reviewed scientific journals;
• Demonstrate originality, creativity and innovation in solving problems and introducing new directions and approaches
• Publications in peer-reviewed journals
• Knowledge and experience in training of field and laboratory technicians in GHG measuring methods;
• Work experience in developing countries
• Willingness to work in a multi-cultural environment.
–Terms of appointment: ILRI offers a competitive international remuneration and benefits package which includes: Medical insurance for staff and dependents, Life insurance, Education allowance for children, Housing allowance, Baggage Allowance, Home leave, Annual holiday entitlement of 30 days+public holidays.
*Benefits are tax free subject to compliance with tax regulations of country of citizenship.
–Applications: Applicants should submit a cover letter and curriculum vitae which includes a list of publications and the names and addresses (including telephone and email) of three referees who are knowledgeable about the applicant’s professional qualifications and work experience. The position title and reference number: PD/MGHG/07/2013 should be clearly indicated in the subject line of the cover letter.
All applications to be submitted online on our recruitment portal: http://ilri.simplicant.com on or before 21 August 2013.
To find out more about ILRI visit our website at http://www.ilri.org
Prof. Dr. Klaus Butterbach-Bahl
Head of Division “Bio-Geo-Chemical Processes”
Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU) Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
-PhD Position: Dynamics of land use change and the consequences on water and nutrient cycles: the case of Mau Forest
-Chair: Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU)
-Place: Station base, Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Nairobi, Kenya
-Contact: Dr. Eugenio Diaz-Pines
-This study focuses on the following topics:
· Quantification of landuse change in the last 3-4 decades and identification of social and economic and political drivers.
· Estimation of water and nutrient balances resulting from land use change. This will be done by catchment studies and measurement of water and nutrient fluxes.
· Integration of field and modeling studies to estimate changes in ecosystem services due to landuse change in the Mau Forest complex (hydrological and biogeochemical models).
The work will be carried out in close cooperation with CIFOR, Nairobi, Kenya. The applicant will be based at CIFOR and is expected to work in an interdisciplinary team of scientists.
· M.Sc. degree in a quantitative environmental sciences discipline, for instance forestry, environmental sciences, ecology, hydrology.
· Spatial analysis skills, i.e. GIS and remote sensing.
· Experience in water and soil analysis.
· Knowledge of programming and model development.
–The Ph.D. position will be for a maximum period of three years.
-The position is due to start in October 2013.
–Applications must include:
· Letter of motivation which states why the candidate is suitable for this position and her/his motivation to work in East Africa,
· curriculum vitae,
· copy of university certificates,
Dr. Eugenio Diaz-Pines (Scientist) and Prof. Dr. Klaus Butterbach-Bahl ( Head of Division Bio-Geo-Chemical Processes”
Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research/ Atmospheric Environmental Research;
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT/IMK-IFU); Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19;
82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
Complete applications should be received by August 20, 2013.
KIT strives to achieve gender balance at all levels of employment. We therefore particularly encourage female candidates to apply for this position. With appropriate qualifications, applications from persons with handicaps will be treated with preference.
Hi, this is the first post of this blog!
The aim of this site is to share possible relevant information among the members (and people connected with them) of research teams on forestry and natural resources of Sub Saharian Africa involved on cooperation for development projects.